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Nakhchivan City - Capital of Islamic culture for 2018

19.12.2010

Nakhchivan is one of the oldest cultural centers of the Middle East, where people lived 5 thousand years ago. Five thousand years ago, the formation of Nakhchivan city culture was the most important indicator of the development of civilization in this ancient land of Azerbaijan. Nakhchivan also made significant contributions to the history of statehood of Azerbaijan, where the foundations of great statehood traditions were laid. The city of Nakhchivan was the capital of Atabegs dynasty of Azerbaijan in the XII century, the Nakhchivan khanate in the XVIII-XIX centuries and the Araz- Turk Republic in the beginning of the XX century. Currently it is the capital of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. Nakhchivan's autonomous history was reflected in two important international documents signed in 1921 - in the Moscow and Kars treaties. Article 3 of the Moscow Treaty and Article 5 of the Kars Agreement stipulates the bases of autonomy, as well as the territory of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. According to these documents, the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, established in 1924, is an integral part of Azerbaijan. Under the current Constitution of the Republic of Azerbaijan (1995), Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic is an autonomous state within the Republic of Azerbaijan. The territory of the Nakhchivan is 5,500 square kilometers, with a population of 450,000 people (1 June 2017). It is composed of capital city Nakhchivan and seven administrative regions. There are 5 towns, 8 settlements and 206 villages. The border of Nakhchivan is 14 km with the Republic of Turkey, 204 km with the Islamic Republic of Iran and 246 km with Armenia. Supreme legislative power of Nakhchivan is Supreme Assembly composed of 45 deputies. Supreme Assembly’s term of office is 5 years. According to the Constitution of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Constitution of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, the Chairman of the Supreme Assembly of Nakhchivan is the highest official of Nakhchivan. The executive power is exercised by the Cabinet of Ministers, and the judiciary is administered by the courts. The development of science and education in Nakhchivan is always on the focus. Nakhchivan Branch of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Nakhchivan State University, Nakhchivan University and Nakhchivan Teachers Institute, 3 secondary specialized schools, Heydar Aliyev Military Lyceum, 5 vocational schools and 216 secondary schools are functioning here. Nakhchivan is rich with ancient and medieval Turkish-Islamic culture samples and historical monuments - ancient settlements, cities, magnificent fortresses, natural monuments and tombstones, which are the most perfect examples of memorial architecture. More than 1200 historical monuments have been registered and passported in the Nakhchivan. 57 of these monuments are of world importance and 496 are of country importance. Nakhchivan, a land which possesses its centuries-old achievements in Islamic culture, has always respected national and moral values, preserved religious values ​​and traditions and paid great importance to restoration and preservation of monuments. Taking into account all of this, Nakhchivan city was declared the capital of Islamic culture for 2018 at the 6 th conference of Culture Ministers of Member States of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation in October 2009 in Baku.